- What is microdermabrasion?
Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive facial resurfacing technique that removes the outermost dead layers of skin to reveal a younger looking and smoother layer of skin. Desired results are usually achieved after several treatment sessions either at a spa or using an at home microdermabrasion machine. The process is simple, pain free with no medications and requires no downtime which makes it a popular skin care treatment.
- How does microdermabrasion work?
Microdermabrasion involves a machine that mechanically exfoliates the skin using fine stream of crystals or a diamond tipped wand and using vacuum to remove the dead skin cells. Removing the dead top layers of your skin reveals the young and healthier skin below and also stimulates collagen and elastin growth.
With regular use it can even out your skin tone and reduce the appearance of acnes, blemishes, scars, wrinkles and age spots. Microdermabrasion makes the skin fresh, giving it a natural glow.
- What are the types of microdermabrasion machines?
There are mainly two types of microdermabrasion machines that are used commonly.
Crystal microdermabrasion involves a hand-held piece that emits a stream of fine crystals onto the surface of your skin. This results in gentle abrasion and the dead skin cells removed are simultaneously suctioned in the same hand piece using vacuum. Aluminium oxide or sodium bicarbonate crystals are used for this. The good thing is there is less risk of infections as the crystals are not reused but there is a risk of inhaling the small crystal if used close to the mouth and eyes.
Diamond microdermabrasion is done with help of a natural or synthetic diamond tip fixed on a stainless steel wand connected to a compressor. When the wand touches the skin, a vacuum effect is created that pulls the dead skin layers removed as the diamond tip abrades your skin surface. They don’t have the risk of inhaling any particles but proper cleaning of the reusable tip is essential to prevent infections.
- What are the benefits of microdermabrasion?
There are many benefits of doing microdermabrasion as listed below.
- Reduce the appearance of scars, blemishes, acnes, whiteheads, blackheads, hyperpigmentation, age spots, clogged pores
- Improves skin texture, smoothness, blood circulation and builds collagen
- Can be done without much preparation
- Quick, painless and non-invasive method with instant results
- Safe and less downtime compared to other similar treatments
- Suited for all skin types and tones
- Improves the penetration of skincare products by removing the dead layers
- How to do microdermabrasion at home?
Microdermabrasion is normally performed in spas or clinic by a professional dermatologist. But now there are affordable microdermabrasion machines designed for home use that give spa like results and save you money and time.
When you are buying an at home microdermabrasion machine,you need to consider factors like ease of using the machine, maintenance costs of accessories, device suction power , crystal or diamond type and which type of skin issue you are trying to treat. You must not use a machine and instead see a dermatologist for skin conditions like active rosacea, deep acne, dermatitis and eczema.
Once you have got the right microdermabrasion device for your needs, you can start using it weekly once initially and change the frequency as per the results. Take care to not use the device if you have sunburns, cuts, burns or any skin conditions. Use the device only for the recommended duration and it is better to start with gentle heads or settings. Make sure to follow the device instructions carefully.
The machine has to be used on clean dry skin and do not repeat over same area more than two times in one session. The vacuum filter collects your dead skin and needs to be replaced after each session. Sanitize the tips with alcohol before and after each use to prevent any infections. Finish off each session with a toner and moisturizer for best results.
- How much does home microdermabrasion cost?
The best quality machines for home use that gives spa like results will cost around 200$. You can get good diamond tipped machines around 100 to 150 $ also.
Portable crystal machines are available from below 50$ to 100$. Running cost depends on your usage and the replacement heads and filters are usually available at under 20$.
- What are possible microdermabrasion side effects?
Microdermabrasion is considered quite safe with only a mild irritation that may occur which can go away in few days. You can minimize any side effects by correctly following the procedure and usage frequency
Performing it without proper hygiene must be avoided to prevent any infections while using diamond tipped machines. Care must be taken to avoid mouth and eye areas while using a crystal machine. Avoid sun exposure and strong skin products immediately after sessions to properly heal the skin.
Overall, microdermabrasion is a useful skin care exercise that can give a healthy glowing skin in no time!