California Spousal Rights: A Quick Guide to Probate in California

If you live in California and have recently lost your spouse, it’s important that you have a basic understanding of California probate and spousal rights. Spousal rights after death in California can be tricky, and it might have a few nuances that are specific to your situation. Here’s a brief overview of the rights of surviving spouses in California:

Community Property Basics

In community property states like California, community property is everything that both parties acquired during the marriage or partnership. The term “property” refers to anything of discernible value and includes:

  • Cash
  • Checking and savings accounts
  • Stocks
  • Bonds
  • Real estate
  • Pensions or 401(k) plans
  • Vehicles
  • Life insurance policies

Under normal circumstances, spouses share equally in all of the above assets, and surviving spouses will generally inherit them automatically. Of course, there are some circumstances in which this becomes a bit more complicated.

Domestic Partnerships

If you were not married to your partner upon his or her death and didn’t file for a domestic partnership, you may have some legal difficulty when it comes to inheriting community property. California does not afford the same rights to unmarried couples who are not in the domestic partners registry, which is why many couples who choose not to marry might want to create an estate plan to ensure that each of them are taken care of in the event that one of them dies or becomes otherwise incapacitated.

Omitted Spouses

An omitted spouse is a spouse that, for whatever reason,  wasn’t listed in the will or trust of the decedent. Generally speaking, omitted spouses have all of the inheritance rights as anyone else to whom community property applies. The only exceptions to this rule are spouses who:

  • The decedent’s will or trust intentionally disinherits
  • Are sufficiently cared for through other means, such as life insurance, bank accounts or gifts

Putative Spouses

A putative spouse refers to a spouse whose marriage was not actually valid. For example, if someone believes his or her divorce is finalized and it turns out it wasn’t, his or her remarriage is invalid. Because the surviving spouse believed the marriage was valid, he or she is legally considered a putative spouse. In the case of putative spouses, California courts generally consider any property acquired during the partnership as quasi-marital and applies the normal community property laws.

Prenuptial and Postnuptial Agreements (Prenups and Postnups)

Prenups and postnups are agreements that spouses can enter into either before or after their marriage and, in some instances, they can override California’s community property laws. For a prenup or a postnup to be considered valid, it must:

  • Outline the property rights of both parties
  • Be in writing and signed by both parties
  • Be voluntarily entered into and not deemed unfair or oppressive

In the event that a surviving spouse feels a prenup or postnup is unfair and the court agrees, the court can invalidate the agreement, in which case standard community property rights apply.

The above information is not comprehensive and is for informative purposes only. If you’re a surviving spouse and need help navigating California probate, you should consult a California probate attorney as soon as possible.

 

The Importance of Company Sanitation During a Pandemic Period

Hygiene and cleanliness have always been a very important requirement to maintain the health of the company and its employees. When winter comes, precautions against the spread of colds and flu, respiratory diseases and other viruses are intensified and the demand for outsourcing – companies specialized in cleaning and sanitizing carpets and upholstery grows a lot.

Now with the new Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19), cleaning and sanitizing become vital! Transmission of coronaviruses usually occurs through the air, through sneezing, coughing, or saliva droplets, or through contact with contaminated secretions in physical contact (touch, handshake, or hugs) or through contaminated objects.

Frequent and constant cleaning

According to the World Health Organization, it is recommended to reinforce the sanitation of environments and materials in common use such as: doorknobs, faucets, handrails, computers, elevator buttons, ATMs, doors, chairs, sofas, tables and supports, carpets, windows and objects for collective use.

In rooms or halls for collective use, frequently disinfect the seats of chairs and sofas with detergent and alcohol at each change of event, make available 70% alcohol gel for common use, carry out cleaning with a specialized company for floors and upholstery, especially if is carpet.

Keep the rooms airy, that is, avoid using air conditioning and keep windows open. In situations where natural ventilation is impossible, such as in Bank Branches and electronic equipment rooms, the main way to maintain air quality is to carry out constant cleaning of the air filters. And in these cases, the maintenance of the hygiene of the space as a whole must be intensified.

Increase the rigor of cleaning in areas with a lot of movement and need for constant cleaning, such as bathrooms and cafeterias. Here, it is also worth intensifying the cleaning of door handles, handrails, sinks and other surfaces with frequent contact. It is important to use soap and water, 70% alcohol, or some cleaning product. Having a constant and daily cleaning team is an excellent way to keep your company healthy and free of Coronavirus. If you don’t have any cleaning team to clean your carpets/rugs, you can hire Carpet Cleaning Borehamwood. Today, thanks to Internet, finding cleaning services is quite easy.

Maintenance is health

Keeping the environment clean is just as important as cleaning it. It is precisely the daily and constant maintenance of hygiene and cleaning that will make that place always healthy. A place where many people circulate needs to be free of the dirt that contributes to the accumulation of mites and fungi, major triggers of allergies and illnesses that end up causing employees to miss work.

The manager is responsible for taking care of sanitation and cleaning issues and has the important role of making the best choice to ensure a clean and healthy environment. In this time of extreme pressure, where the fear of a disease affects each individual and reflects on the market as a whole, it is these choices that will certainly contribute to the successful extinction of this pandemic.

Braces or Invisalign? Which to Choose for Your Family

Invisalign and braces are great options when it comes time to achieve a smile that makes your face light up. Both appliances have benefits, but they’re not the same at all. If you’re considering either of these procedures for yourself or a loved one. Then read on as we discuss some key differences between teeth straightening treatments:

Price of Invisalign and Braces

When comparing the two, you may be wondering how much is Invisalign and how much are braces? The first and most obvious difference between the two is how much each treatment costs. For Invisalign, it can be anywhere from $5000, depending on how complicated your situation may get. There are no set rates, like with braces, where you know what they’ll cost upfront. Traditional metal braces cost somewhere between $3,000-$7,000.

Both Treatments Require Commitment

Both treatments require the commitment to wearing them daily, to actually adjust your teeth. You can’t just wear them a few days a week, it’s a full-time commitment. Braces and Invisalign do differ on the material. Braces are made of metal, meaning that they’re visible when you smile or talk. This is where braces have the upper hand over Invisalign. Why? Because your orthodontist will know how well your treatment is progressing at every visit with x-rays. With Invisalign, there’s no way to tell if teeth are moving unless you wear it regularly during treatment.

Both Treatments Need Regular Visits

During these visits, the orthodontist can see how things are going and make sure everything looks good after each process phase. This helps us determine whether further adjustments need to be made. You’ll also get checkups every few months while wearing braces to ensure your treatment progresses well. One of the most common reasons people choose Invisalign over traditional braces has nothing to do with their teeth. It’s because they don’t want metal wires sticking out of their mouths.

Both Need Significant Time and Effort but in Different Ways

With brackets, it’s all about getting them on so that teeth are straightened with no discomfort or damage. With Invisalign, it takes more time. However, once they’re put on, no extra work is necessary. You can forget they’re there, which is great for some people who don’t like the idea of having something in their mouth all day. Both treatments are very effective when performed by an experienced orthodontist.

Braces Treat Malocclusion

The basic idea behind braces is that they treat malocclusion by applying pressure on teeth. They move them into their correct position over time through light force applied across all teeth at once. The primary drawback of this process is discomfort while wearing braces for many months or even years before results. On average, people spend about two years in brackets depending on when braces were started depending on the severity of malocclusion and compliance with wearing brackets as directed.

Invisalign Use Clear Plastic Trays

Invisalign is a more modern orthodontic solution. It uses clear plastic trays to move teeth into the correct position, rather than applying pressure on them from traditional metal wires and brackets attached to the teeth. Invisalign is virtually invisible when worn. Thus, making it a popular choice among adults who wish not to have any visible signs of their dental treatment once they’re done with treatment. The primary drawback of this type of treatment is its increased cost compared to other options. However, if you factor in this, there’s no need for regular office visits. This becomes an attractive option, especially considering how much money can be saved by not buying traditional metal braces and the regular maintenance they need.

Which Option would be better for your family?

When it comes to deciding which one is best for your family, there are a few things you need to consider first to figure out what will work best with their lifestyle needs. If this sounds like something your family may benefit from then look for orthodontists specializing in each of these treatment options. They will help guide them through making a choice they won’t regret.

Final Thoughts

There are many considerations to make when deciding between the two types of treatments. However, if you factor in all relevant concerns, braces should be a better choice for most patients. Invisalign has some benefits that could help certain individuals or families who might not want to wear traditional metal brackets and wires during treatment. Therefore, it’s still an option worth considering.

Role of Addiction Counselors in Recovery

An addiction counselor has a crucial role in an addicted person’s recovery. The following is some information about the role of an addiction counselor:

To Provide Support

The main role of a substance abuse counselor is to provide support to people who need it. People with drug and alcohol addictions often have to deal with an overwhelming lack of support. These persons also experience shame and embarrassment about their addictions.

Therefore, counselors play the main role of being a rock and a support person for such individuals. The clients can lean on the counselors for motivation, encouragement, and confidence.

To Help the Addicted Person Find the Root

The substance abuse counselor also plays a role in helping an addicted person find the root of the addictive behaviors. Sometimes, addictive behaviors are coping mechanisms that people use to escape from the pain of past hurts.

These people don’t always realize that they are using such coping mechanisms. A counselor can be the kind and empathetic person who helps an addicted person take the journey of discovery.

To Assist the Person in Developing Strategies

A counselor will also help individuals to develop strategies to overcome addictive behaviors and any shame and guilt that may arise from such behaviors.

This individual can help recovering addicts come up with new strategies for fighting cravings and temptations, as well. The goal is to deter individuals from falling into old habits when issues arise.

A dedicated counselor can also talk to a client about his or her plans for the future. They may discuss future job opportunities and ways the person can use his or her talents to improve life quality.

To Point the Person Toward Resources

A counselor can also point someone in the direction of helpful resources that will support their recovery. For example, the counselor might know of some supplemental programs that will aid them in their recovery.

They may know of some good texts the individual can read to keep himself or herself in a positive mindset throughout the recovery period. The counselor might suggest spiritual services or some other type of helpful service that perhaps the client was unaware of.

Sometimes, having supplementary resources and guides can keep an individual in a place of positivity throughout the recovery process and beyond it.

To Encourage Continuous Sobriety

Counselors are also there to encourage continuous sobriety. Their roles do not end when the counseling sessions end. They will be there to support their clients long after the official counseling date arises.

Thus, a client can feel confident that he or she has someone to turn to if life gets too demanding or stressful after the program. Continuous sobriety and healing are the goals that most counselors wish to achieve for their clients.

Those are some of the parts that addiction counselors play in the recovery process of another person. These people have other roles, as well. Therefore, addicted persons should connect with a counselor as quickly as possible.

Top-10 Brands of Fashionable Clothes – Rating by Date of Foundation

We present to you the TOP of the best world-famous clothing brands that create timeless fashion collections. The masterpieces of the leading fashion houses are preferred by Hollywood stars and first ladies. The rating is compiled according to the date of brand foundation. What secret do they hide behind a veil of chic, outrageous and a logo with a long history? Let’s try to figure it out together.

1. Louis Vuitton

Date of foundation: 1854

French fashion house Louis Vuitton embodies exclusivity with its signature LV monogram. The brand history dates back to the creation of Trianon canvas chests. Founder Louis Vuitton personally designed the logo with floral ornaments and quatrefoils as a guarantor of the authenticity of the products.

2. Burberry

Date of foundation: 1856

Draper Thomas Burberry brought typical British supremacy to life. Burberry is recognized for its waterproof trench coat in tartan gabardine. Initially, the symbol of the brand was a knight with a spear. The logo has undergone a change and has become minimalistic – Burberry and London England under it.

3. Gucci

Date of foundation: 1921

Guccio Gucci started out as a tannery. In 1953, the first store appeared in Manhattan, which marked the beginning of the legend of Italian chic. Gucci fashion clothes are preferred by world stars: Margot Robbie, Jared Leto, Dakota Johnson and others. The real logo of the brand is two mirrored and intertwined letters "G", which symbolize the initials of the creator.

4. Adidas

Date of foundation: 1924

Adolf Dassler, together with his brother Rudolph, created a company for the production of sports shoes. The success of the brand was brought about by the development of the world’s first football sneakers with spikes. The name Adidas comes from the name and surname of the founder. The logo is represented by three stripes – steps for climbing up to victories in sports.

5. Dior

Date of foundation: 1946

French fashion designer Christian Dior presented the first ready-to-wear collection to the world in 1947. The company of the same name became famous for the appropriate combination of femininity and formality in each model. The minimalist Dior handwritten logo is synonymous with the brands high performance and the understated elegance of luxury fashion.

6. Puma

Date of foundation: 1948

German multinational brand Puma is one of the world’s top three sportswear leaders. Conceptual products of the brand are presented in 120 countries of the world. When developing the logo, the creator of the company, Rudolf Dassler, was inspired by the grace and speed of a predatory cat. The brand’s symbol depicts a jumping cougar.

7. Nike

Date of foundation: 1964

The American multinational company Nike topped the ranking of the most expensive sports brands in 2019 according to Forbes. The name Nike comes from the name of the ancient Greek goddess of victory, Nike. When creating the logo, the designers tried to make it look like the wing of a female deity.

8. Versace

Date of foundation: 1978

The Italian fashion house got the right to life thanks to the talented fashion designer Gianni Versace. After his death, Donatellas sister took over the company and continued to create luxury goods. The brands logo is Medusa Rondanini, which symbolizes the strong charm and silent amazement of all Versace collections.

9. Tommy Hilfiger

Date of foundation: 1985

Tommy Hilfiger strives to convey the American way of life in every line of clothing. Fashion designers take the classic images of the elite class as a basis and bring simplicity to the design, accessible to ordinary consumers. In support of its concept, the company created a logo with the colors of the American flag: blue, red and white.

10. Supreme

Date of foundation: 1994

Supreme concentrates on streetwear and youth collections. In its models, the brand recreates the culture of hip-hop, skateboarding and rock music. The company emblem is Supreme in a red rectangle. When designing the logo, brand founder James Jebbia was inspired by the work of artist Barbara Kruger. She used mainly red, white and black colors to create canvases.